A Closer Look at West Point Admissions Requirements

A Closer Look at West Point Admissions Requirements 

The United States Military Academy at West Point is an incredible opportunity for college-bound students seeking a career in the military. Each year, thousands aspire to become cadets and only 1,000 are appointed – making this one of the top institutions for higher education in America and across the globe. To qualify as an applicant you need exceptional grades; competitive SAT or ACT scores; glowing faculty recommendations from teachers & more; community involvement demonstrating leadership potential; athleticism that stands out among peers AND most likely a congressional nomination on top. While the application process is rigorous and competitive, those who meet the admissions requirements have the chance to join an esteemed group of military professionals. If your student is considering applying to West Point, here’s what you need to know about their admissions requirements. 

Eligibility Requirements 

First and foremost, there are a few non-negotiables to even apply to a U.S. Military Academy. These eligibility requirements for admission to West Point are more rigorous than the traditional civilian 4-year institution. All applicants must be US citizens between 17 and 23 years of age, unmarried, without legal dependents; have a high school diploma or equivalent; and receive a nomination from an authorized source (which can include members of congress, senators, vice presidents, or the president). Additionally, all applicants must pass both a physical aptitude exam and a medical exam.

High School GPA Requirement 

Potential West Point cadets are held to a much higher standard than most other high school students applying to a traditional 4-year institution. To reach the prestigious ranks of West Point, you must bring your A-game and strive for excellence. An average GPA of 3.9 or higher is expected from future cadets; in fact, those over the 75th percentile achieved a 3.75 or above during their high school careers! Although there is no minimum GPA requirement to apply to West Point, the higher the student’s GPA, the better chance of positive admissions decisions. Our professional advice is to make sure your cumulative GPA is 3.5 or higher to be competitive. If you have a GPA on the lower end of this spectrum, make sure your test scores and leadership skills will compensate.

Despite having a GPA that meets these criteria, an appointment with admissions is not guaranteed– as they take into account more than just your academic performance. The Whole Candidate Score (WCS) provides an opportunity for those who had lower grades earlier in their high school career but have shown growth and improvement! Bear in mind though; any Ds or Fs on transcripts will be subject to questioning, especially if earned later during one’s educational journey. Make sure you keep your grades up throughout your senior year!

Extracurricular Activities and Leadership

West Point strongly encourages its applicants to demonstrate leadership experience in extracurricular activities outside of the classroom, such as participating in sports teams or student government organizations. Applicants must also complete physical fitness requirements and pass medical examinations prior to gaining admission into West Point. Furthermore, cadets must maintain their physical fitness throughout their time at West Point in order to remain enrolled and graduate from the academy.        

Personal Interviews & Essays   

In addition to meeting academic and physical requirements, applicants must submit three personal essays and participate in an interview with academy representatives during their application process. These interviews are designed to assess each applicant’s character traits and qualities that would make them valuable additions to West Point’s community of cadets. Also, these interviews provide prospective cadets with an opportunity to learn more about life at West Point before making a final decision about attending the academy. 

Test Scores

Contrary to what many people are saying, test scores still matter to service academies. Achieving success at West Point requires a lot of preparation and dedication, beginning with your SAT or ACT scores. Together they make up 40% of the admissions team’s decision-making process – meaning math skills are by far the most important factor in being accepted. Math alone counts for 25%, while English is weighted slightly lower at 15%. If you want to give yourself an edge when applying to this prestigious military academy, focusing on maximizing your math score will go a long way!

If you are limited on time to prepare your application but want the best chance at success, then testing often and targeting a high SAT or ACT score is essential! West Point recognizes this by super-scoring both tests – that means they take only the highest scores from each section. So if you have taken one of these tests multiple times, put those higher results towards your application for better chances of acceptance.

Ideal SAT score:

West Point does not require a minimum SAT score for admission, but if you want to give yourself the best odds of earning an appointment, it’s important to aim high. A 1200 total will get your application considered by Admissions; however, a higher score can really bring out the competitive edge in your candidacy! West Point also recommends retesting for scores below 600 on both Math and Verbal subsections.

Ideal ACT score:

If you’re applying to West Point, your ACT score can be the difference between merely being considered and standing out from other applicants. To earn an appointment with ease, aim for at least a 26 on this test. For truly competitive candidates though as per USMA’s guidelines – shoot much higher!

Our recommendation:

If you take one piece of advice from this entire article it is to test EARLY and OFTEN. Your test scores are the single greatest opportunity in the admissions process to get into West Point. Also, if you are going to focus on one area of either test, make sure you are focusing on your Math scores.


If you aspire to serve at a United States Service Academy, the nomination process might feel daunting. It is important to understand how it works though: every candidate must obtain an appointment from one of four academies (except for Coast Guard). So what’s the distinction between nomination and appointment? A “candidate” receives admission when they are offered an “appointment” by West Point—transforming them into an appropriate appointee ready to fulfill their obligations as part of a service academy.

Achieving a West Point appointment is an honor reserved for select candidates – and this selection process begins with obtaining the necessary nomination. Your local Congressional Representative or State Senator has appointments to bestow, while there are also Vice Presidential Nominations up-for-grabs (albeit incredibly competitive). If you come from a military family your chances of receiving that highly sought-after presidential nod increase! With more competitive academies at the national level, each Member of Congress is authorized with 5 candidate slots- 4 that are already filled with 10 nominations plus an open slot for additional applicants every year. 

Best way to get nominated:

If you’re seeking a nomination to West Point from Congress, the best route is usually through your local Congressional Representative. Applying for this type of congressional nomination has advantages compared to applying at the state level – fewer people are eligible due to the smaller scope of representation. However, Members of Congress have complete control over how they nominate applicants; some may select who they want and send their name directly (and backups) on behalf of or require that all applications go straight to the admissions office so finalists can be chosen based on qualifications alone. Be sure to understand which process applies in order to maximize chances!

Fitness Assessment

Fitness is essential for entry into West Point, and the Candidate Fitness Assessment (CFA) serves as a major part of the application process. The CFA assesses your physical aptitude with 6 exercises that can be practiced beforehand – making it ideal to get prepped regardless of which service academy you may eventually decide upon! And while each military school administers its own test, this particular exam happens to be the same across all academies – so there’s no need to take multiple tests if you’re still deciding between schools. Best yet? It’s easy enough for anyone from physical education teachers to JROTC instructors or even Field Force reps to administer the program without fail.

There are a few things to consider before deciding to apply to West Point. These considerations might sound obvious to most however many applicants don’t understand the commitments after being admitted. The biggest considerations:

  • There is an active duty requirement
  • You are committed to becoming an Army officer
  • Must graduate with a Bachelor of Science Degree

Our professional tips on getting into West Point:

1) Start early. Applying and being admitted into a Service Academy is no easy task. The Federal government pays for this education so they make it very rigorous to get into. There are more steps to get into a service academy than most civilian colleges (mainly your nomination process) so starting early will put you in a better position and make sure you aren’t breaking an application deadline.

2) Don’t neglect your SAT and ACT scores. So many candidates get everything else right and they don’t prioritize their test scores. We have seen many otherwise qualified candidates get rejected because their scores weren’t where they needed to be. Double down on your math scores and seek test prep help if you need it.

3) When you are When choosing an extracurricular, focus on something that has a leadership component to it. West Point is looking for a leader and giving yourself that experience is important. If you are playing sports, figure out how to get yourself into a captain role. If you are running for a class office, make sure you are going after a strong leadership position. Even when you are getting a part-time job, start from the bottom but work hard to rise in the ranks. Promotions and positions of leadership go a long way for admissions.

4) Apply for their summer camp during your high school years. Not only will you get to live on campus for a week, but you will also be able to make relationships within the Academy.

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